Understanding The New Education

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Regardless of whether web based educating learning measure and assessment is an ideal option in contrast to the disconnected mode?

A quick reaction to manage the Covid-19 pandemic was the burden of lockdown. Presently in practically all pieces of the world, limitations on the development of individuals and in the lead of business exercises overall have been lifted. Albeit all divisions of financial life have incompletely or completely continued with all around set down SOPs, yet all the instructive establishments despite everything stays shut. New typical in the instructive division has been to direct classes and assessments on the web. The jury about this new ordinary happening directly from school instruction to advanced education is partitioned. One gathering of individuals have promptly acknowledged this new typical while as, the other gathering is scrutinizing its viability. This distinction of supposition requires a basic audit of the contradicting perspectives to reach to an obvious end result about the issue.

During the lockdown all the financial exercises stayed suspended yet the movement of instructing especially at advanced education level proceeded through on the web. Web-based media was a buzz demonstrating somebody directing on the web classes from the confinement ward of a COVID emergency clinic and somebody sitting at the head of a tree to get associated for online classes. Due to over extravagance and excitement, numerous foundations have begun offering even online courses. Eminent thing has been the lead of online classes overwhelming the showing brotherhood, and everyone is diving into it.

The inquiry is whether web based instructing is offering an ideal option in contrast to the disconnected educating? The heroes of web based instructing learning measure battle that it fills the need of training as viably as disconnected educating and in truth once in a while superior to the ordinary method of instructing. It is additionally being contended that online method of instruction empowers an understudy to move at their own advantageous pace to gain proficiency with the subject as it permits to return to recorded talks and again which is absurd in the disconnected method of learning. Moreover, online talks enhanced by Chat Groups, Video Meetings, Google Chats and Document Sharing has been contended to have empowered educators to contact the understudies all the more viably. In any case, a few heroes of internet instructing do concur that notwithstanding the issue of gigantic computerized partition, the web based educating can’t really imitate disconnected educating as it needs one significant angle for example the advantages of companion learning. However, to them there is no other choice to spare the valuable season of the understudies other than the method of online instruction.

A glaring issue for online training during this pandemic has been the evaluation of understudies. Online assessment presents issues of moral conduct and trustworthiness. All things considered, showing up in the online assessment while sitting at home, understudies will turn to unreasonable methods. To beat the issue of deceptive conduct, advocates of online instruction discover arrangement in open book assessment. Also, programming empowered delegated online assessment is being discussed as a potential answer for check the untrustworthy conduct of understudies while surveying them from their homes. There are organizations which offer camera-based face and body GPS beacons with visit camera outputs of environmental factors. A few organizations even promote the utilization of man-made consciousness to identify in the event that one is doing anything incorrectly.

The showing brotherhood overall isn’t prepared to acknowledge web based educating to be an ideal choice to ‘Chalk-and-Talk System’ of instructing learning measure. Adversaries of online training have refered to different blemishes which as indicated by them render web based educating learning measure infructuous, as for both the instructor and the guide conveying or listening a live talk gets exhausting and tedious. There is absence of eye to eye connection which is fundamental to examine the psychological condition of understudies, as such an educator can’t conclude whether to rehash or reorient the material which is effectively conceivable in eye to eye instructing learning framework. Also, it has been seen that a large portion of the understudies simply keep their gadgets on record mode without being genuinely present along these lines making it harder to incite or continue conversation which is at the center of educating learning measure. It is additionally being battled that visit sheets and conversation fora basically can’t supplant the physical instructional exercises.

Most genuine restriction with internet educating is concerning the courses where research facility work is a fundamental fixing. Indeed, reenacted practicals or fakers information can be utilized to prepare understudies yet the centrality of hands-on-preparing can’t be reproduced using any and all means. The adversaries of web based instructing accept that it isn’t feasible for leading live practicals, henceforth understudies can’t genuinely envision and demonstrate a point. The clinical and other specialized understudies are the most exceedingly terrible hit as their hands-on-preparing can’t be imitated using any and all means. Medicos and Engineering understudies can’t do the clinical classes and dynamic learning, so significant for sharpening their abilities. The component of filthy hands in such streams has such an immense essentialness which by no means can be belittled.

Advanced partition is being alluded as one of the most genuine limitation to online training. There is huge lump of populace that can’t, or battles, to partake in advanced learning for the absence of admittance to web. More noteworthy accentuation towards online instruction by the govt with no development arrangements have made the individuals having a place with the more fragile segments of the general public incredibly stressed for their wards; a sentiment of avoidance as their youngsters can’t partake in online training for need of essential innovation/web. As indicated by Tribune News Services, a helpless man specifically Kuldip Kumar of Gummer town in Jwalamukhi needed to sell his bovine for Rs 6,000 for purchasing a Smartphone for online investigations of his two children. It can’t be treated as a confined case; computerized partition in India is extremely colossal.

Jury is out to articulate whether web based educating can be an ideal option in contrast to the disconnected instructing? Advanced education is essentially planned to: Educate and train understudies to make them expertly qualified to oversee various circles of life productively and successfully, create higher estimations of life, grow right mentalities and enthusiasm for initiative in open life. There is no chance of creating higher estimations of life and likely pioneers to lead callings and open life through online arrangement of training on the grounds that the accomplishment of these similarly significant objectives requires serious association, banter and conversation, socio-social osmosis and more noteworthy introduction to the difficult certifiable settings. Indeed, even the objective of increasing all encompassing perspective regarding the matter information can’t be completely acknowledged through web based showing occurring in the current structure as being lacking in numerous regards. The individuals who contend that there is no alternative other than to direct online classes to spare the valuable season of understudies can’t be settled upon as there is no extension for ‘Something is Better Than Nothing’ in instruction. One will have the option to release his expert obligations just when the person is completely furnished with the information and range of abilities required for the activity. In the bigger enthusiasm of instruction, more fitting would have been to proclaim one semester a ‘Zero Session’ in any event at advanced education level.

Online arrangement of instruction could have most likely demonstrated of some assistance whenever finished with arrangement ahead of time and through e-homerooms fitted with cameras and genuine Black-White Board. However, unexpected move with no arrangement ahead of time, preparing and arrangements towards online classes by all methods will undoubtedly cause extremely helpless client experience and acknowledgment. There is no denying the way that disconnected and e-learning can supplement one another. It has been recommended to utilize “Flipped Classroom Technique” where understudies are given notes and pre-recorded talks ahead of time and have conversation/discussion to clear questions in the disconnected or online class. A mixed method of on the web and disconnected encouraging learning and assessment mode is by all accounts the best answer for get the most extreme from both the frameworks.

Author : Professor in the Department of Commerce University of Kashmir

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چاہے آن لائن تدریسی سیکھنے کا عمل اور تشخیص آف لائن موڈ کا بہترین متبادل ہو؟
کوڈ - 19 وبائی مرض سے نمٹنے کے لئے فوری طور پر ردعمل لاک ڈاؤن کا نفاذ تھا۔ اب دنیا کے تقریبا all تمام حصوں میں ، لوگوں کی نقل و حرکت پر اور بڑے پیمانے پر کاروباری سرگرمیوں کے سلسلے میں پابندی ختم کردی گئی ہے۔ اگرچہ معاشرتی اور معاشی زندگی کے تمام شعبے اچھی طرح سے رکھے ہوئے ایس او پیز کے ساتھ جزوی یا مکمل طور پر دوبارہ شروع ہوچکے ہیں ، لیکن تمام تعلیمی ادارے ابھی بھی بند ہیں۔ تعلیمی شعبے میں نیا معمول کلاسز اور امتحانات آن لائن کروانا ہے۔ اسکول کی تعلیم سے لے کر اعلی تعلیم تک کے اس معمول کے عام ہونے کے بارے میں جیوری تقسیم ہے۔ لوگوں کے ایک گروپ نے آسانی سے اس نئے معمول کو قبول کرلیا ہے جبکہ دوسرا گروپ اس کی افادیت پر سوال اٹھا رہا ہے۔ اس اختلاف رائے سے اس مسئلے کے بارے میں منطقی انجام تک پہنچنے کے ل the مخالف نقط. نظر پر تنقیدی جائزہ لینے کی ضرورت ہے۔

لاک ڈاؤن کے دوران تمام معاشی و معاشی سرگرمیاں معطل رہی لیکن خاص طور پر اعلی تعلیم کی سطح پر درس و تدریس کی سرگرمی آن لائن کے ذریعے جاری رہی۔ سوشل میڈیا ایک گونج رہا تھا جس میں دکھایا گیا تھا کہ کوئی COVID اسپتال کے الگ تھلگ وارڈ سے آن لائن کلاسیں چلا رہا ہے اور کوئی آن لائن کلاسوں کے لئے رابطہ قائم کرنے کے لئے درخت کے اوپر بیٹھا ہے۔ ضرورت سے زیادہ خوشی اور جوش کی وجہ سے ، بہت سارے اداروں نے یہاں تک کہ آن لائن کورسز بھی پیش کرنا شروع کردیئے ہیں۔ قابل ذکر بات یہ ہے کہ ویبنرز کا طرز عمل طوفان کے ذریعہ تدریسی برادری کو لے رہا ہے ، اور ہر کوئی اس میں ڈوب رہا ہے۔
سوال یہ ہے کہ کیا آن لائن تدریس آف لائن تدریس کا کوئی بہترین متبادل پیش کر رہی ہے؟ آن لائن درس و تدریس کے عمل کے مرکزی کردار یہ کہتے ہیں کہ یہ تعلیم کے مقصد کو آف لائن تدریس کی طرح موثر اور حقیقت میں بعض اوقات مستقل طور پر تدریس کے طریق better کار سے بہتر کام کرتا ہے۔ یہ بھی استدلال کیا جارہا ہے کہ آن لائن طریق education تعلیم سے طالب علم کو یہ مضمون سیکھنے کے لئے اپنی مناسب رفتار سے آگے بڑھنے کا اہل بناتا ہے کیونکہ اس سے ریکارڈ شدہ لیکچرز کو بار بار دیکھنے کی سہولت ملتی ہے جو سیکھنے کے آف لائن موڈ میں ممکن نہیں ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ چیٹ گروپس ، ویڈیو میٹنگز ، گوگل چیٹس اور دستاویز شیئرنگ کے ذریعہ اضافی آن لائن لیکچرز میں یہ استدلال کیا گیا ہے کہ اساتذہ کو طلباء تک زیادہ موثر انداز میں رسائی حاصل کرنے کے قابل بنایا گیا ہے۔ تاہم ، آن لائن تعلیم کے کچھ اہم کردار اس بات پر متفق ہیں کہ بہت بڑی ڈیجیٹل تقسیم کے مسئلے کے علاوہ ، آن لائن درس بھی صحیح معنوں میں آف لائن تعلیم کی نقل نہیں بنا سکتی ہے کیونکہ اس میں ایک اہم پہلو یعنی پیر سیکھنے کے فوائد کی کمی ہے۔ لیکن ان کے پاس آن لائن تعلیم کے موڈ کے علاوہ طلبہ کے قیمتی وقت کو بچانے کے لئے کوئی دوسرا متبادل نہیں ہے۔
مصنف: کشمیر یونیورسٹی کے شعبہ کامرس یونیورسٹی میں پروفیسر


क्या ऑनलाइन शिक्षण-शिक्षण प्रक्रिया और मूल्यांकन ऑफ-लाइन मोड के लिए एक सही विकल्प है? कोविद -19 महामारी से निपटने के लिए तत्काल प्रतिक्रिया लॉकडाउन का आरोप था। अब दुनिया के लगभग सभी हिस्सों में, लोगों की आवाजाही पर और बड़े पैमाने पर व्यावसायिक गतिविधियों के संचालन पर प्रतिबंध हटा दिया गया है। यद्यपि सामाजिक-आर्थिक जीवन के सभी क्षेत्रों में आंशिक रूप से या पूरी तरह से अच्छी तरह से निर्धारित एसओपी के साथ फिर से शुरू किया गया है, लेकिन सभी शैक्षणिक संस्थान बंद हैं। शैक्षिक क्षेत्र में नई सामान्य कक्षाओं और परीक्षाओं का संचालन ऑनलाइन किया गया है। स्कूली शिक्षा से लेकर उच्च शिक्षा तक सही इस नए सामान्य होने के बारे में ज्यूरी विभाजित है। लोगों के एक समूह ने इस नए सामान्य को आसानी से स्वीकार कर लिया है, जबकि दूसरा समूह इसकी प्रभावकारिता पर सवाल उठा रहा है। इस मुद्दे के बारे में तार्किक निष्कर्ष पर पहुंचने के लिए विरोधी मतों की आलोचनात्मक समीक्षा के लिए राय का अंतर। लॉकडाउन के दौरान सभी सामाजिक-आर्थिक गतिविधियाँ निलंबित रहीं, लेकिन विशेष रूप से उच्च शिक्षा स्तर पर शिक्षण की गतिविधि ऑनलाइन के माध्यम से जारी रही। सोशल मीडिया एक चर्चा थी जो किसी कोविद अस्पताल के आइसोलेशन वार्ड से ऑनलाइन कक्षाओं का संचालन कर रहा था और कोई व्यक्ति ऑनलाइन कक्षाओं से जुड़ने के लिए पेड़ के शीर्ष पर बैठा था। अतिउत्साह और उत्साह के कारण, कई संस्थानों ने ऑनलाइन पाठ्यक्रमों की पेशकश भी शुरू कर दी है। उल्लेखनीय बात यह है कि तूफान से शिक्षण बिरादरी को ले जा रहे वेबिनार का संचालन किया गया है, और हर कोई इसमें डूब रहा है। सवाल यह है कि क्या ऑनलाइन शिक्षण ऑफ-लाइन शिक्षण के लिए एक सही विकल्प प्रदान कर रहा है? ऑनलाइन शिक्षण-सीखने की प्रक्रिया के नायक का तर्क है कि यह शिक्षा के उद्देश्य को प्रभावी ढंग से ऑफ-लाइन शिक्षण के रूप में कार्य करता है और वास्तव में कभी-कभी शिक्षण के नियमित मोड से बेहतर होता है। यह भी तर्क दिया जा रहा है कि शिक्षा का ऑनलाइन मोड किसी छात्र को विषय सीखने के लिए अपनी स्वयं की सुविधाजनक गति से आगे बढ़ने में सक्षम बनाता है क्योंकि यह रिकॉर्ड किए गए व्याख्यानों को फिर से फिर से शुरू करने की अनुमति देता है जो सीखने की ऑफ-लाइन मोड में संभव नहीं है। इसके अलावा, चैट ग्रुप्स, वीडियो मीटिंग्स, गूगल चैट्स और डॉक्यूमेंट शेयरिंग द्वारा सप्लीमेंट किए गए ऑनलाइन लेक्चर्स में तर्क दिया गया है कि टीचर्स को ज्यादा प्रभावी तरीके से छात्रों तक पहुंचाने में सक्षम बनाया गया है। हालाँकि, ऑनलाइन शिक्षण के कुछ नायक इस बात से सहमत हैं कि विशाल डिजिटल विभाजन की समस्या के अलावा, ऑनलाइन शिक्षण वास्तव में ऑफ-लाइन शिक्षण को दोहरा नहीं सकता है क्योंकि इसमें एक महत्वपूर्ण पहलू का अभाव है, यानी कि पीयर लर्निंग के लाभ। लेकिन उनके पास ऑनलाइन शिक्षा के मोड के अलावा छात्रों के कीमती समय को बचाने के लिए कोई दूसरा विकल्प नहीं है। लेखक: कश्मीर विश्वविद्यालय के वाणिज्य विभाग में प्रो
kya onalain shikshan-shikshan prakriya aur moolyaankan oph-lain mod ke lie ek sahee vikalp hai?
kovid -19 mahaamaaree se nipatane ke lie tatkaal pratikriya lokadaun ka aarop tha. ab duniya ke lagabhag sabhee hisson mein, logon kee aavaajaahee par aur bade paimaane par vyaavasaayik gatividhiyon ke sanchaalan par pratibandh hata diya gaya hai. yadyapi saamaajik-aarthik jeevan ke sabhee kshetron mein aanshik roop se ya pooree tarah se achchhee tarah se nirdhaarit esopee ke saath phir se shuroo kiya gaya hai, lekin sabhee shaikshanik sansthaan band hain. shaikshik kshetr mein naee saamaany kakshaon aur pareekshaon ka sanchaalan onalain kiya gaya hai. skoolee shiksha se lekar uchch shiksha tak sahee is nae saamaany hone ke baare mein jyooree vibhaajit hai. logon ke ek samooh ne is nae saamaany ko aasaanee se sveekaar kar liya hai, jabaki doosara samooh isakee prabhaavakaarita par savaal utha raha hai. is mudde ke baare mein taarkik nishkarsh par pahunchane ke lie virodhee maton kee aalochanaatmak sameeksha ke lie raay ka antar.

lokadaun ke dauraan sabhee saamaajik-aarthik gatividhiyaan nilambit raheen, lekin vishesh roop se uchch shiksha star par shikshan kee gatividhi onalain ke maadhyam se jaaree rahee. soshal meediya ek charcha thee jo kisee kovid aspataal ke aaisoleshan vaard se onalain kakshaon ka sanchaalan kar raha tha aur koee vyakti onalain kakshaon se judane ke lie ped ke sheersh par baitha tha. atiutsaah aur utsaah ke kaaran, kaee sansthaanon ne onalain paathyakramon kee peshakash bhee shuroo kar dee hai. ullekhaneey baat yah hai ki toophaan se shikshan biraadaree ko le ja rahe vebinaar ka sanchaalan kiya gaya hai, aur har koee isamen doob raha hai.
savaal yah hai ki kya onalain shikshan oph-lain shikshan ke lie ek sahee vikalp pradaan kar raha hai? onalain shikshan-seekhane kee prakriya ke naayak ka tark hai ki yah shiksha ke uddeshy ko prabhaavee dhang se oph-lain shikshan ke roop mein kaary karata hai aur vaastav mein kabhee-kabhee shikshan ke niyamit mod se behatar hota hai. yah bhee tark diya ja raha hai ki shiksha ka onalain mod kisee chhaatr ko vishay seekhane ke lie apanee svayan kee suvidhaajanak gati se aage badhane mein saksham banaata hai kyonki yah rikord kie gae vyaakhyaanon ko phir se phir se shuroo karane kee anumati deta hai jo seekhane kee oph-lain mod mein sambhav nahin hai. isake alaava, chait grups, veediyo meetings, googal chaits aur dokyooment sheyaring dvaara sapleement kie gae onalain lekchars mein tark diya gaya hai ki teechars ko jyaada prabhaavee tareeke se chhaatron tak pahunchaane mein saksham banaaya gaya hai. haalaanki, onalain shikshan ke kuchh naayak is baat se sahamat hain ki vishaal dijital vibhaajan kee samasya ke alaava, onalain shikshan vaastav mein oph-lain shikshan ko dohara nahin sakata hai kyonki isamen ek mahatvapoorn pahaloo ka abhaav hai, yaanee ki peeyar larning ke laabh. lekin unake paas onalain shiksha ke mod ke alaava chhaatron ke keematee samay ko bachaane ke lie koee doosara vikalp nahin hai.

lekhak: kashmeer vishvavidyaalay ke vaanijy vibhaag mein pro

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